The economist 21 august 2013

Although he is still stirring things up at Dell, an ailing computer-maker, Carl Icahn has found time to tilt at another tech titan.

Mr Icahn is also after more money at Dell, where he has been lobbying with allies against a prposed buy-out plan put forward by Michael Dell, the firm’s founder, and Silver Lake, a private-equality firm.


Lunar cycle afffects your shuteye

Lunar cycle affects the night sky, the tides and even the fertility of certain marine species. Ans it turns out, we can add your shuteye to the list.

On nights closer to full moon, 33 adults volunteers of both sexes and various ages took an average of five minutes to fall asleep, and slept for 20 minutes less.


FT Lex 04 august Weekend

For English learning propose.

tout: to talk about (something or someone) as being very good, effective, skillful, etc.

spin: the act of turning around and around : an act of spinning [noncount]

nimble: able to move quickly, easily, and lightly

doldrums: a state or period of sadness or depression

potash: a form of potassium that is used especially to improve soil or to make soap


This week, world’s second and third-largest advertising groups Omnicom and Publicis announced they will combine. Shareholder of these 2 groups expect to benefit from touted $500m annual synergies. At the same time, the created $23bn colossus needs to find a solution to make it nimble to meet its clients’ demand in a fast-changing business.


Singapore bank decided to walk away from its plan to buy Indonesia’s Bank Danamon for $7bn, and hopes to develop its own local business to tap the potential of the Indonesia’s market.


Lloyds bank looks to be out of the doldrums, by lending more and doing so more profitably.


Results from the car-makers suggest they may be over the worst even if the banks are not.  Peugeot and Volkswagen both posted better than expected first-half results this week.




一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.


Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.


二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V

Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.


三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.


例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.


四、There is no denying that + S + V …(不可否认的…)

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.


五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道…)

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.


六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的…)

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.


七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (…的优点是…)

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.


八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (…的原因是…)

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air.

The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.


九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此…以致于…)

例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.


十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然…)

例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.

{by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈…愈…)

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.


The more books we read, the more learned we become.


十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着…,..能够..)

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.


十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.


十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能…)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.


十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是…的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.


十六、Those who ~~~ (…的人…)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.


十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不…)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.


十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不…)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.


十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.


二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是…的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.


二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式…(过去…年来,…一直…)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.


二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (…是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.


二十四、be based on (以…为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.


二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.


二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让…明白…事)

例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard.


二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与…息息相关)

例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.


二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving

= make it a rule to + V (养成…的习惯)

We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.


二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为…)

例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.


三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么…!)

例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!

How important a thing it is to keep our promise!


三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意)

例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.


三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对…有很大的影响)

例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.


三十三、do good to (对…有益),do harm to (对…有害)

例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。

Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。

三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对…造成一大威胁)

例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.


三十五、do one’s utmost to + V = do one’s best (尽全力去…)

例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.



1. Interpreting charts, tables, graphs and diagrams.

1) Make some factual statements about the data.
Number: Five out of ten
Per cent: Fifty per cent of ….   
Make sure you know how to use per cent and percentage.

  • Per cent comes after a number. 
  • Percentage comes after words like the, a, this, that, etc. and is often preceded by an adjective, e.g. A high percentage of customers …
  • Both go with the preposition of.
  • Common error! Nearly 30 percentage of the book were new. X                    When writing numbers or percentages, use words up to the number ten, e.g. eight per cent, and then figures, e.g. 12 per cent. However, always write a number at the beginning of a sentence in words, e.g. Twelve per cent

Fractions: A third of the

2) Make some general observations using the same data
The most… The most common mean of transport
The second most
The third most
The least … The least common method of transport
The majority of
A large number of
Most people enjoy …
Very few
Hardly any

3) Describe trends
a) Nouns: a rise; an increase; a surge; a growth
   Verbs: to rise; to increase; to surge; to grow
   Phrases: to show an upwards trend

Nouns: a fall; a drop; a decline; a dip
Verbs: to fall; to drop; to delcine; to dip